- The Sindh Legislative Assembly, through a unanimous 7 resolution, demanded restitution of the city of Karachi to the province of Sindh.
- The Sindh Legislative Assembly, by a unanimous resolution, protested against discrimination in recruitment to services under Central Government, in grant of permits for installation of factories, and in issue of licenses for import and export against the Sindhi people.
- The Sindh Legislative Assembly adopted, with minor amendments, a resolution solemnly declaring Sindhis a distinct people with basic and inalienable national rights.
- The Sindh Legislative Assembly through an act established The Sindh Cultural Development Board, with the Sindhi Board, the Sindh Provincial library and Museum, and Shah Abdul Latif Cultural Center at its three departments, and sanctioned an amount of 40 Lac rupees as initial funds for that Board to finance its activities.
- The construction work for the two barrages on river Indus in Sindh at kotri and guddu, was expedited, with a view to forestall intersection and diversion of heavy intakes of Indus water by Punjab Government.
- The Government of Sindh showed unreadiness to succumb to the pressure of the Central Government for grant of the agricultural lands on Sindh barrage to the military personnel and others from Punjab and outside.
- Pirzada Abdul Sattar himself as representative of Sindh on the Pakistan Constitutional Assembly, joining hands with the Bengali members managed to have appropriate clauses incorporated in the proposed constitution of Pakistan which on one hand granted a great measure of autonomy to provinces and slashed down powers of the hard-core Punjabi Governor General, Ghulam Mohammed, to interfere in the internal affairs of the Province, on the other.
- (1) Releasing the political detainees.
(2) Dissolving One-Unit and restoring the original provinces.
(3) Holding of new elections.
(4) Ensuring success of Peoples Party under Bhutto in West Pakistan, and particularly in Sindh by mobilizing support of Zamindar, Pirs, and Officers for it as against the Sindh nationalist party, the Sindh Mutahidah Mahaz.
- Pakistan to be a Federation;
- The Federation to consist of autonomous, self-governing states based on Lahore Resolution.
- Government in the Federation to be of Parliamentary form, responsible to the elected members of Legislature, and
- The Legislatures to be directly elected on the basis of universal adult franchise.
- (i) Defense, and
(ii) Foreign Affairs.
- We were to save the double expenses otherwise being incurred on maintaining separate departments and offices to impose and to collect taxes.
- Every province will levy taxes best suited to its conditions and circumstances.
- Our province (for example) earns most of the customs duty and Income Tax, but its earnings were spent by the Center and on development of other provinces. In the case of Defense and Foreign affairs, we contributed large amounts towards expenses thereof than what we gained from them directly or indirectly,
- By vesting the provinces with powers to impose and collect taxes, the difference and disparity in the burden of Central-taxation from province to province shall come to an end.
- The Provinces would then be entitled to ask for benefits proportionate to their contributions.
- Earnings of each province shall be under the control of its own government.
- All the provinces proportionate to their populations shall meet Foreign Exchange requirements of the Federal Government.
- Indigenous products shall move free of duty between Federating Units so that any province can sell its surplus goods to any neighboring province, with ease and without any hindrance from center, and the provinces shall not suffer from any discriminatory permit system or Excise duty.
- Constitutionally the provincial government shall be entitled to establish trade and commercial relations, and enter into agreements with foreign countries. During the last 23 years, the Central Government, having remained under the influence of a particular province and certain vested interests, some provinces remained undeveloped while other developed at a wasteful cost of millions of rupees.
- The Police force is not always sufficient to deal with law and order situations arising from eruption of local riots, strikes, etc. In such cases, the provincial governments generally have to request the Central Government for the aid of the army to reinforce the Police Force in controlling the situation. This paves way for involvement of the army in the internal situations of law and order in the country, and its readiness or efficiency and effectiveness as an instrument for external defense, suffers.
- Some of the provinces have virtually no representation in the countries armed forces. When they make a grievance of it, they get the reply that their People do not come forward for recruitment in the forces, and that they do not possess the required martial qualities either. To this contention, the peoples of such provinces have following arguments: -
- The recruiting and the training officers belong to a particular province, and it was their unsympathetic attitude, which was responsible for this lag.
- Some of the conditions of recruitment were such that the peoples of these provinces were not able to fulfil them due to their physical make-up.
- If they were to have their own militias, they would be able to overcome this lag, and their Jawans would not only be readily available to safeguard the borders of their country, whenever any occasion arises, but the provinces would also, thereby get their due share of representation in the Central Military force.
- It has been proved from experiences of the past 23 years that for the support and protection of certain vested interests possessing a controlling away in the Central Government, there has been undue interference frequently in the affairs of the provinces and also impositions of dictatorial regimes through Martial Law, reducing all provincial autonomy to a farce. The Provincial Militias would ensure against these eventualities by providing necessary minimum safe guard to their respective home provinces.
- "Dear young Friends: - To celebrate an evening with you is to rejuvenate oneself in this killing atmosphere of hypocrisy and brutishness. On occasions, such as these, one would like to say out and also listen to what hearts may have to speak to hearts. "I had informed you on the 4th March, 1973 that time was soon to come when you may have to face burdens of heavy responsibilities, and you have to prepare yourself for the same. Only the persons of ability and grit will come out successful from the test. It was easy to go to jail and to suffer Lathis blows on the bare body, when it comes to that. But to carry the load of national responsibility was a difficult task. For the fulfillment of the task, you had to create a band of devoted workers, who could understand the social economics and political problems confronting Sindh, and, after thus clearing their own minds, could enlist increasing number of comrades to join them in the struggle for the national salvation of Sindh.
"You have to study the following problems of your people and to form your correct conclusion about them
1. The National Ideology: -
After Knowing and understanding various aspects of national ideology you have to accept one concept with the exclusion of all the others. "With due thought and deliberation, I, on my part, have arrived at the conclusion that the people of Sindh are a separate nation by virtue of their distinct language, culture, historical traditions and their identity of political and economic interest and are therefore fully entitled, on the basis of right of self determination of nations, to decide the question of their political, economic and cultural freedom and that of their future growth and development.
"Through the ages in the history of the South Asian sub-continent, our mother land this land of Sindhu, the Sindhu-Desh has remained a separate, and like any other country in the world has the right to decide its own future. "The name "Sindhu Desh is no new term for us. Quite a number of newspapers, printing presses, factories and other social and cultural institutions in Sindh were named after this word, in the pre-partition days as an exact synonym of the word "Sindh" in its territorial constitution.
(3) Sindhi Language: -
"Since times immemorial Sindhi has remained the language of Sindh. It is the oldest and the richest of all the indigenous languages in Pakistan, and has, therefore, the right to be the official and national language of the country.
(4) The Constitution: -
"To understand the problem of constitution making facing the people of Pakistan it has to be first decided whether the constitution is to b2 framed on the basis of one-nation or four nations. In the first case the Sindhi People will be reduced to a minority and will have to live under subordination to the majority province. In the second case, no constitution could be adopted without the free and unfettered consent of the Sindhi people.
Under the One-Nation concept: -
- The majority province i.e. the Punjab on strength of numbers, wealth and superiority in services, its permanent hegemony over Sindh and will rule Sindh with Sindh own resources which it shall exploit as it wills.
- The lands, services, industry and the wealth of Sindh as a whole will remain subjected to appropriation by people from other provinces in Pakistan.
- The Sindhi people would never be freed from the trap of Pakistan Ideology and the deception of Islamic constitution and the strong center.
- The flight of capital from Sindh to other provinces would remain unchecked to the determent of Sindh s own economy.
- The Foreign Exchange, the Foreign Trade Banking, the Railways, the Posts and Telegraphs, the Radio and Television the Mines and all institution controlling of the country will be under the direct control of the central administration.
- Apart from defense, foreign affairs of country the rest of the subject, and departments otherwise under the jurisdiction of the provinces, shall always remain open to the interference of control of the Central Authority, reducing provincial autonomy to a facade.
- The Sindhi people could be represented on the Central Assembly on the basis of their numerical strength only.
- The Sindhis would rarely obtain more than I % of the jobs in central services as at present.
- The officer caste represented in the Civil Service will work under the Central Authority, and through them, Provincial Autonomy shall always remain attenuated to a lifeless force as before.
- Urdu, an alien language will be the national language of the country.
- The obnoxious combination of religion and politics will hold on, contaminating as here-to-fore the life s roots in Pakistan.
- Pakistan s state policy of confrontation and hostility as regards the neighboring countries shall remain unchanged.
- The peoples from other provinces in Pakistan shall enjoy full liberty to colonize Sindh as they do now.
- The country would never see the light and enjoy the blessings of Socialism.
- (7) Nationalism: -
"I have always said that we believe the Sindhi people to be a separate nation. We have however, to discover the basic principles of our Sindhi nationalism. According to me those principles could be the following: -
- Belief in Sindh as a separate country.
- Belief in Pakistan not as one country but as a group of four countries.
- Belief in the Sindhi people as a separate nation on basis of homeland, language, cultures historical traditions and identity of political and economic interest.
- Belief in the right of the Sindhi nation to decide their future as a people.
- Belief in the fact that ideology of Pakistan and concepts of Islamic Raj, Strong Center and National Interests of Pakistan are the greatest obstacles in the way of the realization of Sindhi nationalism.
- No nation must dominate any other nation on the strength of its number or through superiority in wealth or education.
- No group, class or section of people must exploit any other group; class or section of people, all persons in the country must have guaranteed equality of rights and opportunities.
- The Mullah and the Pir must be debarred from participation in the politics of the country.
- (a) No government basing its policies or programs on the ideology of Pakistan can ever do any good to Sindh.
(b) A government that aims at establishment of the Strong Center will always be hostile to Sindh.
(c) A government that believes in Islamic constitution or Islamic Rule would always prove harmful to Sindh.
(d) No ruler in Sindh or Pakistan, who prefers power to principles, can ever prove to be the well wisher of Sindh.
(e) A government that denies the principles of freedom of Sindhu Desh must ipso facto be treated as the enemy of Sindh.
- You and we both claim to be attached to Islam, as our common faith, though there is a considerable difference between us in its doctrinal interpretation, political strategy and tactics.
- You and we both had made collective efforts for the establishment of Pakistan, but experience has proved that our purposes and aspirations in it were different.
- It would be pointless to deny that many of you having centuries old ancestral connections with the Iranian and Mughal imperialist administrations and with literary and cultural atmosphere of these courts, are men of high civilization and culture. Many of you are also highly skilled in arts and crafts, and in trade and business. Your existence, therefore, in any society ought to be a matter of advantage and pride for it.
- You must be aware that the nationality conscious elements of the people of Sindh are at present dissatisfied with you. Have you given a thought to this problem, in order to know as to why it is so?
- Do you know that in my welcome address the 1943, sessions of All India Muslim League at Karachi while speaking about the past of Sindh, I had invited men of talent and ability from amongst you to come to Sindh and assist the Sindhi people in their various fields of life.
- It is possible that many of you might be wondering over the change, and have not understood the reasons for it. Let me give you some of the reasons:-
- We had invited you as our comrades and companions, and not as those who would teach us what Islam is, and exploit us, and would be our mentors, would claim to civilize us, would impose Urdu language on us, and would strive to rule over us in position of exploitative vested interest.
- We have thorough experience got dis-enchanted with you, because of the following things: (i)Your obsession, with the concept of separate Muslim nation-hood. (ii) Your concept of one-nation and one country for Pakistan. (iii) Your state of self-illusion regarding Islamic Constitutions and Islamic system of government. (iv) Your intention and desire to impose Urdu on us. (v) Your insatiable desire for economic exploitation. (vi) Your notions of cultural superiority and social exclusiveness.
- (i) You may give up your belief in separate Muslim nation-hood and absorb yourselves in the nationalist milieu of Sindhi culture and language.
(ii) You may join us in ending Pakistan and in establishing independent and sovereign state of Sindhu Desh.
(iii) You may retain Urdu as your language at homes. You may even study Urdu as your language in schools, but you must accept Sindhi as a sole national language of Sindhu Desh.
(iv) You may give up your illusions and empty talk about Islamic constitution, Islamic form of Government and pan Islamism, and instead join us in establishing a secular modern State in Sindh.
(v) You may give up your anti-India obsessions and for the sake of Asian Unity prepare your-selves for the unity of Bharat, Bangla Desh. Sindhu Desh, Afghanistan, Iran, Arab lands all as custodians of high spiritual values and for forward looking understanding with the USSR as the vanguard of Western civilization.
(vi) You may cultivate conviction in your mind about the international mission of Sindh for serving interests of World Peace and Universal Brother-hood of man, and join us in the accomplishment of that mission.
- (1) Not a single hope or aspiration with which Pakistan was formed has materialized.
(2) The smaller nations, particularly the Sindhi people have suffered the most under Pakistan.
(3) Pakistan was established for the rule of the Muhajir Punjabi Vested Interests, and it is being run for the sole benefit of those interests.
(4)The ruling class in Pakistan denies the existence of the anciently established nations in order to serve its own interests. It desires to rule in the name of the self-constituted country and a self-conceived nation. Since no such a country and no such nation has ever existed in history, this contrivance based on illusory foundations as it is, cannot work.
(5)The ruling class in Pakistan aims at destroying thousands of years old nations and countries for the sake of its class interests, in defiance of all lessons of history. Since its plan is contrary to the facts of history, it is bound to fail.